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No Map No Map Active Iberia 560 Small Iberia 586
Iberia 560
VisigothFlag
Visigothic Kingdom
Regnum Visigothorum
[1] / Gutþiuda Þiudinassus [2]
Capital Tolosa (Toulouse): 418 - 507
Vicus Julii (Aire-sur-l'Adour): 466 - 507 (alternately with Tolosa)
Barcino (Barcelona): 508 - 526
Narbo (Narbonne): 526 - 531
Barcino (Barcelona): 531 - 549
Tletum (Toledo): 549 - 721
Language(s) Latin [3], Gothic [4]
Religion Arianism
Government Monarchy
Currency Solidus = 3 Tremissis
Territories taken from Suebic flag Suebic Kingdom
Territories conquered by Frankish Empire Frankish Empire
Gr byz04 Byzantine Empire
  1. Latin
  2. Gothic
  3. The Visigothic quickly adopted the Latin as the official language.
  4. Spoken among elite until 589.
Name Reigned Comments
Alaric II 484 - 507 Son of Euric. Last king of the Visigothic Kingdom of Toulouse.
Gesalec 507 - 511 Illegitimate son of Alaric II. Deposed by Theodoric the Great.
Theodoric the Great 511 - 526 King of the Ostrogoths, he was regent of his grandson Amalaric.
Amalaric 526 - 531 Son of Alaric II and half-brother of Gesalec.
Theudis 531 – 548 Former commander of Theodoric the Great.
Theudigisel 548 – 549 Leading general of Theudis.
Agila I 549 – 554
Athanagild 554 – 567 Rebel in 551, sole king after 554.

507

511

  • Gesalic is driven from the throne by Ibbas and escapes to Africa. He attempts to get aid from the Vandals against the Ostrogoths, but fails.
  • Theodoric the Great, king of the Ostrogoths, acts as regent for Gesalic's half-brother, Amalaric, until Amalaric being old enough to take the throne.
  • Although Theodoric rules from Ravenna, the center of Visigothic rule shifts to Barcelona.

513

  • The deposed king Gesalic launches an invasion of Iberia from Gallia Aquitania but is defeated by Ibbas's army and killed at the end of the year.

531

  • Chlotilda, wife of Amalaric and sister of Childebert I, Frankish king of Paris, claims her Arian husband didn't respect her Catholic beliefs. Childebert goes down with an army and defeats the Gothic king. Amalaric retreats to Barcelona, where he is assassinated by his own troops.
  • The strongman Theudis, a former commander of Theodoric the Great, is elected king and transfers the capital from Narbonne to Barcelona.

541

  • Theudis confronts the Franks under Chlothar I and Childebert I, who had penetrated as far as Pamplona and Zaragoza, which they besiege for forty-nine days. After successfully defending it he drives them out of the country.

548

  • Theudis is assassinated in his palace. Theudigisel, one of his generals, is elected king of the Visigoths.

549

  • Agila becomes king of the Visigoths.

550

  • The citizens of Córdoba rebel against Arian rule and Agila is roundly defeated, his son killed, and the royal treasure lost. He himself retreats to Mérida.

551

  • A nobleman named Athanagild takes Seville and rules as king in opposition to Agila.

552

  • Athanagild claims the Byzantine emperor Justinian for help against the king Agila.
  • In June or July the byzantine army lands in Spain, probably near Málaga, and joins with Athanagild to defeat Agila as he marches south from Mérida towards Seville in August or September.
  • Seville and the surrounding area are conquered by the Byzantines, beginning the formation of the province of Spania.

554

  • Justinian's armies take Andalusia and Granada, leading to much rejoicing by the local people, who are mostly Hispano-Romans.
  • The supporters of Agila, in fear of the recent Byzantine successes, turn and assassinate him, raising Athanagild as sole king of the Goths in opposition to the Byzantines, who are now a direct threat to the kingdom.

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